Rashid M A

Arinina E.E., Rashid M.A. 1445

According to the first Global Report of the WHO, diabetes mellitus is an important public health problem, one of four priority noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) targeted for action by world leaders. Both the number of cases and the prevalence of diabetes have been steadily increasing over the past few decades. In the estimation of the WHO, 422 million adults were living with diabetes in 2014, compared to 108 million in 1980. The global prevalence (age-standardized) of diabetes has nearly doubled since 1980, rising from 4.7% to 8.5% in the adult population.

Rashid M.A., Ugrekhelidze D.T. 87

The article covers various aspects of smoking in Russia and around the world. High prevalence of tobacco smoking and difficulties in combating it are shown. Scientific theories are presented to explain the occurrence of nicotine addiction and the difficulty in overcoming it. The widespread use of smokeless tobacco products and electronic means of nicotine delivery necessitates the development of new standards and legislative approaches that take into account the possibility of reducing harm to health and providing additional motivation to quit smoking.

Arinina E.E., Rashid M.A. 1445

According to the first Global Report of the WHO, diabetes mellitus is an important public health problem, one of four priority noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) targeted for action by world leaders. Both the number of cases and the prevalence of diabetes have been steadily increasing over the past few decades. In the estimation of the WHO, 422 million adults were living with diabetes in 2014, compared to 108 million in 1980. The global prevalence (age-standardized) of diabetes has nearly doubled since 1980, rising from 4.7% to 8.5% in the adult population.

Rashid M.A., Ugrekhelidze D.T. 87

The article covers various aspects of smoking in Russia and around the world. High prevalence of tobacco smoking and difficulties in combating it are shown. Scientific theories are presented to explain the occurrence of nicotine addiction and the difficulty in overcoming it. The widespread use of smokeless tobacco products and electronic means of nicotine delivery necessitates the development of new standards and legislative approaches that take into account the possibility of reducing harm to health and providing additional motivation to quit smoking.